Chapter 18 Emergency Management of Open Fractures

  1. Egger EL: Emergency treatment of musculoskeletal trauma. In Bright RM, editor: Surgical emergencies, New York, 1986, Churchill Livingstone, p 175.
  2. Grant GR, Olds RB: Treatment of open fractures. In Slatter D, editor: Textbook of small animal surgery, Philadelphia, 2003, Saunders, p 1793.
  3. Gustilo RB, Anderson JT: Prevention of infection in the treatment of 1,025 open fractures of long bones: retrospective and prospective analyses, J Bone Joint Surg 58:453-458, 1976. PUBMED Abstract
  4. Piermattei DL, Flo GL, DeCamp CE: Open fractures. In Piermattei DL, Flo GL, DeCamp CE, editors: Small animal orthopedics and fracture repair, Philadelphia, 2006, Saunders, p 145.
  5. Seligson DS, Henry SL: Treatment of compound fractures, Am J Surg 161:696-701, 1991. PUBMED Abstract