Web Chapter 36 Diseases of the Anal Sac

  1. Bennett PF et al: Canine anal sac adenocarcinomas: clinical presentation and response to therapy, J Vet Intern Med 16:100, 2002. PUBMED Abstract
  2. Emms SG: Anal sac tumours of the dog and their response to cytoreductive surgery and chemotherapy, Aust Vet J 83:340, 2005. PUBMED Abstract
  3. Esplin DG, Wilson SR, Hullinger GA: Squamous cell carcinoma of the anal sac in five dogs, Vet Pathol 40:332, 2003. PUBMED Abstract
  4. James DJ et al: Comparison of anal sac cytological findings and behavior in clinically normal dogs and those affected with anal sac disease, Vet Dermatol 22:80, 2010. PUBMED Abstract
  5. Lake AM et al: Gross and cytological characteristics of normal canine anal-sac secretions, J Vet Med Assoc 51:249, 2004. PUBMED Abstract
  6. Misseghers BS, Binnington AG, Mathews KA: Clinical observations of the treatment of canine perianal fistulas with topical tacrolimus in 10 dogs, Can Vet J 41:623, 2000. PUBMED Abstract
  7. Mouatt JG: Cyclosporin and ketoconazole interaction for treatment of perianal fistulas in the dog, Aust Vet J 80:207, 2002. PUBMED Abstract
  8. Pappalardo E, Martino PA, Noli C: Macroscopic, cytological and bacteriological evaluation of anal sac content in normal dogs and in dogs with selected dermatological disease, Vet Dermatol 13:315, 2002. PUBMED Abstract
  9. Robson DC, Burton GG, Lorimer MF: Cytological examination and physical characteristics of the anal sacs in 17 clinically normal dogs, Aust Vet J 81:36, 2003. PUBMED Abstract
  10. Scott DW, Miller WH, Griffin CE: Muller and Kirk's small animal dermatology, ed 6, Philadelphia, 2001, Saunders, p 1200.
  11. Shoieb AM, Hanshaw DM: Anal sac gland carcinoma in 64 cats in the United Kingdom (1995-2007), Vet Pathol 46:677, 2009. PUBMED Abstract
  12. Spugnini EP et al: Adjuvant electrochemotherapy for incompletely excised anal sac carcinoma in a dog, In Vivo 22:47, 2008. PUBMED Abstract
  13. Stanley BJ, Hauptman JG: Long term prospective evaluation of topically applied 0.1% tacrolimus ointment for treatment of perianal sinuses in dogs, J Am Vet Med Assoc 235:397, 2009. PUBMED Abstract
  14. van Duijkerern E: Disease conditions of canine anal sacs, J Small Anim Pract 36:12, 1995.
  15. Williams LE et al: Carcinoma of the apocrine glands of the anal sac in dogs: 113 cases (1985-1995), J Am Vet Med Assoc 223:825, 2003. PUBMED Abstract