Chapter 261 Infectious and Immune Polyarthritis

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  5. Clements DN et al: Type I immune-mediated polyarthritis in dogs: 39 cases (1997-2002), J Am Vet Med Assoc 224:1323, 2004. PUBMED Abstract
  6. Colopy SA, Baker TA, Muir P: Efficacy of leflunomide for treatment of immune-mediated polyarthritis in dogs: 14 cases (2006-2008), J Am Vet Med Assoc 236:312, 2010. PUBMED Abstract
  7. Duncan AW et al: A combined approach for the enhanced detection and isolation of Bartonella species in dog blood samples: pre-enrichment liquid culture followed by PCR and subculture onto agar plates, J Microbiol Methods 69:273, 2007. PUBMED Abstract
  8. Foley J et al: Association between polyarthritis and thrombocytopenia and increased prevalence of vector borne pathogens in Californian dogs, Vet Rec 160:159, 2007. PUBMED Abstract
  9. Galaxy Diagnostics: The most effective test for active Bartonella infection, 2013. Available at Accessed June 29, 2013.
  10. Goodman RA et al: Molecular identification of Ehrlichia ewingii infection in dogs: 15 cases (1997-2001), J Am Vet Med Assoc 222:1102, 2003. PUBMED Abstract
  11. Goodman RA, Breitschwerdt EB: Clinicopathologic findings in dogs seroreactive to Bartonella henselae antigens, Am J Vet Res 66:2060, 2005. PUBMED Abstract
  12. Hegemann N et al: Cytokine profile in canine immune-mediated polyarthritis and osteoarthritis, Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol 18:67, 2005. PUBMED Abstract
  13. Johnson KC, Mackin A: Canine immune-mediated polyarthritis. Part 1: Pathophysiology, J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 48:12, 2012a. PUBMED Abstract
  14. Johnson KC, Mackin A: Canine immune-mediated polyarthritis. Part 2: Diagnosis and treatment, J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 48:71, 2012b. PUBMED Abstract
  15. Littman MP et al: ACVIM small animal consensus statement on lyme disease in dogs: diagnosis, treatment, and prevention, J Vet Intern Med 20:422, 2006. PUBMED Abstract
  16. MacDonald KA et al: A prospective study of canine infective endocarditis in northern California (1999-2001): emergence of Bartonella as a prevalent etiologic agent, J Vet Intern Med 18:56, 2004. PUBMED Abstract
  17. Moroff S et al: Detection of antibodies against Anaplasma phagocytophilum in experimentally infected dogs using an automated fluorescence based system (Accuplex4™ BioCD). In Proceedings of the 29th Annual ACVIM Forum, June 2011.
  18. Neer TM et al: Consensus statement of ehrlichial disease of small animals from the infectious disease study group of the ACVIM, J Vet Intern Med 16:309, 2002. PUBMED Abstract
  19. Rondeau MP et al: Suppurative, nonseptic polyarthropathy in dogs, J Vet Intern Med 19:654, 2005. PUBMED Abstract
  20. Smith BE et al: Antinuclear antibodies can be detected in dog sera reactive to Bartonella vinsonii subsp. berkhoffii, Ehrlichia canis, or Leishmania infantum antigens, J Vet Intern Med 18:47, 2004. PUBMED Abstract
  21. Stull JW et al: Canine immune-mediated polyarthritis: clinical and laboratory findings in 83 cases in western Canada (1991-2001), Can Vet J 49:1195, 2008. PUBMED Abstract