Chapter 204 Breeding Management of the Bitch

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  2. England GCW: Vaginal cytology and cervicovaginal mucus arborisation in the breeding management of bitches, J Small Anim Pract 33:577, 1992.
  3. England GCW, Allen WE: Crystallization patterns in anterior vaginal fluid from bitches in oestrus, J Reprod Fertil 86:335, 1989. PUBMED Abstract
  4. England GCW, Concannon PW: Determination of the optimal breeding time in the bitch: basic considerations, accessed Sept 1, 2002, from
  5. England GCW, Yeager AE: Ultrasonographic appearance of the ovary and uterus of the bitch during oestrus, ovulation and early pregnancy, J Reprod Fertil Suppl 47:107, 1993. PUBMED Abstract
  6. Goodman M: Ovulation timing: concepts and controversies, Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 31:219, 2001. PUBMED Abstract
  7. Hiemstra M et al: The reliability of vaginal cytology in determining the optimal mating time in the bitch, Tijdschr Diergeneeskd 126:685, 2001. PUBMED Abstract
  8. Jeffcoate IA, England GCW: Urinary LH, plasma LH and progesterone and their clinical correlates in the periovulatory period of domestic bitches, J Reprod Fertil Suppl 51:267, 1997. PUBMED Abstract
  9. Jeffcoate IA, Lindsay FEF: Ovulation detection and timing of insemination based on hormone concentrations, vaginal cytology and the endoscopic appearance of the vagina of domestic bitches, J Reprod Fertil Suppl 39:277, 1989. PUBMED Abstract
  10. Moxon R, Copley D, England GCW: Technical and financial evaluation of assays for progesterone in canine practice in the UK, Vet Rec 167:528, 2010. PUBMED Abstract
  11. Moxon R et al: Periovulatory changes in the endoscopic appearance of the reproductive tract and teasing behavior in the bitch, Theriogenol 78:1907, 2012. PUBMED Abstract
  12. van Klaveren NJ et al: The optimal mating time in the bitch based on the progesterone concentration in peripheral blood: a comparison of reliability between three ELISA test kits and a 125-iodine radioimmunoassay, Tijdschr Diergeneeskd 126:680, 2001. PUBMED Abstract