Chapter 4 Shock

  1. Annane D et al: Corticosteroids for treating severe sepsis and septic shock, Cochrane Database Syst Rev 1 CD002243, 2004. PUBMED Abstract
  2. Bersenas AM et al: Effects of ranitidine, famotidine, pantoprazole, and omeprazole on intragastric pH in dogs, Am J Vet Res 66(3):425, 2005. PUBMED Abstract
  3. Boag A, Hughes D: Assessment and treatment of perfusion abnormalities in the emergency patient, Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 35(2):319, 2005. PUBMED Abstract
  4. Brady CA et al: Severe sepsis in cats: 29 cases (1986-1998), J Am Vet Med Assoc 217(4):531, 2000. PUBMED Abstract
  5. Callan MB, Appleman EH, Sachais BS: Canine platelet transfusions, J Vet Emerg Crit Care 19(5):401-415, 2009. PUBMED Abstract
  6. Conti-Patara A et al: Changes in tissue perfusion parameters in dogs with severe sepsis/septic shock in response to goal-directed hemodynamic optimization at admission to ICU and the relation to outcome, J Vet Emerg Crit Care 22(4):409, 2012. PUBMED Abstract
  7. Cook D et al: Risk factors for clinically important upper gastrointestinal bleeding in patients requiring mechanical ventilation, Crit Care Med 27(12):2812, 1999. PUBMED Abstract
  8. Cooper MS, Stewart PM: Corticosteroid insufficiency in acutely ill patients, N Engl J Med 348:727, 2003. PUBMED Abstract
  9. Corrigan AM et al: Effect of glucocorticoid administration on serum aldosterone concentration in clinically normal dogs, Am J Vet Res 71(6):649, 2010. PUBMED Abstract
  10. Costello MF et al: Underlying cause, pathophysiologic abnormalities, and response to treatment in cats with septic peritonitis: 51 cases (1990-2001), J Am Vet Med Assoc 225(6):897, 2004. PUBMED Abstract
  11. de Papp E et al: Plasma lactate concentration as a predictor of gastric necrosis and survival among dogs with gastric-volvulus: 102 cases (1995-1998), J Am Vet Med Assoc 215(1):49, 1999. PUBMED Abstract
  12. Francis AH et al: Adverse reactions suggestive of type III hypersensitivity in six healthy dogs given human albumin, J Am Vet Med Assoc 230:873, 2007. PUBMED Abstract
  13. Gaieski DF et al: Impact of time to antibiotics on survival in patients with severe sepsis or septic shock in whom early goal-directed therapy was initiated in the emergency department, Crit Care Med 38(4):1045, 2010. PUBMED Abstract
  14. Green TI et al: Evaluation of initial plasma lactate values as a predictor of gastric necrosis and initial and subsequent plasma lactate values as a predictor of survival in dogs with gastric diltation-volvulus: 84 dogs (2003-2007), J Vet Emerg Crit Care 21(1):36-44, 2011. PUBMED Abstract
  15. Hayes GM et al: Low central venous oxygen saturation is associated with increased mortality in critically ill dogs, J Small Anim Prac 52(8):433, 2011. PUBMED Abstract
  16. Hughes D et al: Effect of sampling site, repeated sampling, pH and Pco2, on plasma lactate concentration in healthy dogs, Am J Vet Res 60(4):521, 1999. PUBMED Abstract
  17. Husain FA et al: Serum lactate and base deficit as predictors of mortality and morbidity, Am J Surg 185(5):485, 2003. PUBMED Abstract
  18. Kern JW, Shoemaker WC: Meta-analysis of hemodynamic optimization in high-risk patients, Crit Care Med 30(8):1686, 2002. PUBMED Abstract
  19. Lagutchik MS et al: Increased lactate concentrations in ill and injured dogs, J Vet Emerg Crit Care 8(2):117, 1998.
  20. Martin LG et al: Pituitary-adrenal function in dogs with acute critical illness, J Am Vet Med Assoc 233:87, 2008. PUBMED Abstract
  21. Mathews KA, Barry M: The use of 25% human serum albumin: outcome and efficacy in raising serum albumin and systemic blood pressure in critically ill dogs and cats, J Vet Emerg Crit Care 15(2):110, 2005.
  22. McMichael MA et al: Serial plasma lactate concentration in 68 puppies aged 4 to 80 days, J Vet Emerg Crit Care 15(1):17, 2005.
  23. Nel M et al: Prognostic value of blood lactate, blood glucose and hematocrit in canine babesiosis, J Vet Intern Med 18(4):471, 2004. PUBMED Abstract
  24. Nguyen HB et al: Early lactate clearance is associated with improved outcome in severe sepsis and septic shock, Crit Care Med 32(8):1637, 2004. PUBMED Abstract
  25. Rivers E et al: Early goal directed therapy in the treatment of severe sepsis and septic shock, N Engl J Med 345:1368, 2001. PUBMED Abstract
  26. Schutzer KM et al: Lung protein leakage in feline septic shock, Am Rev Respir Dis 147:1380, 1993. PUBMED Abstract
  27. Silverstein DC et al: Assessment of changes in blood volume in response to resuscitative fluid administration in dog, J Vet Emerg Crit Care 15(3):185, 2005.
  28. Sprung CL et al: Hydrocortisone therapy for patients with septic shock, N Engl J Med 358:111, 2008. PUBMED Abstract
  29. Tolbert K et al: Efficacy of oral famotidine and 2 omeprazole formulations for the control of intragastric pH in dogs, J Vet Intern Med 25:47, 2011. PUBMED Abstract
  30. Trow AV et al: Evaluation of human albumin in critically ill dogs: 73 cases (2003-2006), J Am Vet Med Assoc 233(4):607, 2008. PUBMED Abstract
  31. Zacher LA et al: Association between outcome and changes in plasma lactate concentration during presurgical treatment in dogs with gastric dilatation-volvulus: 64 cases (2002-2008), J Am Vet Med Assoc 236(8):892, 2010. PUBMED Abstract